LARVAL FOODPLANTS OF SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLIES OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES

Welcome to part two of my caterpillar food plant series (the first of which was on Saturniidae moth food plants seen HERE).  For this entry I am focusing on the five species of Swallowtail butterflies (family Papilionidae) from New England. This list does not include strays; only species that can be found in this area normally. The Papilionidae, numbering over 700 species worldwide, are among our largest and most spectacular of butterflies!

EASTERN BLACK SWALLOWTAIL – Papilio polyxenes asterius

black-swallowtail-butterfly-731991

Carrot (Daucus), dill (Anetheum), fennel (Foeniculum), parsley (Petroselinum), Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus), rue (Ruta).

EASTERN TIGER SWALLOWTAIL – Papilio glaucus

Eastern-tiger-swallowtail-papilio-glaucus

Ash (Fraxinus), lilac (Syringa), spicebush (Lindera), sweet bay (Magnolia), tulip tree (Liriodendron), wafer ash (Ptelea), wild cherry (Prunus).

GIANT SWALLOWTAIL – Papilio cresphontes

Giant swallowtail

Citrus (Rutaceae), prickly ash (Zanthoxylum), rue (Ruta), torchwood (Amyris), wafer ash (Ptelea).

PIPEVINE SWALLOWTAIL – Battus philenor

pipevine swallowtail

Pipevine…aka Dutchman’s Pipe (Aristolochia).

SPICEBUSH SWALLOWTAIL – Papilio Troilus

spicebush_swallowtail_dbg_041705_05

Prickly ash (Zanthoxylum), redbay (Persea), sassafras (Sassafras), spicebush (Lindera), tulip tree (Liriodendron).

~David Albaugh

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