LARVAL FOODPLANTS OF SATURNIID MOTHS OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES

Raising Lepidoptera has been a hobby that I have enjoyed ever since I was a kid. Though raising butterflies has always been fun, it is raising the giant silkmoths, family Saturniidae, that has been my favorite aspect of rearing. Thankfully I live in an area that includes a great representation of these amazing moths, even though their wild populations do seem to be dwindling with each passing year. What I present to you is a list of the most commonly used caterpillar foodplants for these moths representing nine species. This list is in no way meant to be complete and only through experimentation can new plants be added to this ever-growing list.

So, if you have never raised Saturniid larvae before, or even if you are a seasoned veteran, this list will hopefully be helpful in guaranteeing your success! Good luck and have fun!

THE LUNA MOTH – Actias luna

luna

Aspen (Populus), Bayberry (Myrica), Beech (Fagus), Birch (Betula), Butternut (Juglans), Chestnut (Castanaea), Hickory (Carya), Hops (Humulus), Hornbeam (Carpinus), Maple (Acer), Oak (Quercus), Pecan (Carya), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Sycamore (Platanus), Tulip Tree (Liriodendron), Walnut (Juglans).

THE POLYPHEMUS MOTH – Antheraea polyphemus

polyphemus

Alder (Alnus), Apple (Malus), Aspen (Populus), Bayberry (Myrica), Beech (Fagus), Birch (Betula), Butternut (Juglans), Chestnut (Castanaea), Chokecherry (Prunus), Dogwood (Cornus), Hawthorn (Crataegus), Hazelnut (Corylus), Hickory (Carya), Hornbeam (Carpinus), Maple (Acer), Oak (Quercus), Pear (Pyrus), Sassafras (Sassafras), Sycamore (Platanus), Tulip Tree (Liriodendron), Walnut (Juglans), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

THE IO MOTH – Automeris io

io

Alder (Alnus), Apple (Malus), Ash (Fraxinus), Bayberry (Myrica), Beech (Fagus), Chokecherry (Prunus), Dogwood (Cornus), Honey Locust (Gleditsia), Hops (Humulus), Hornbeam (Carpinus), Maple (Acer), Oak (Quercus), Pear (Pyrus), Poplar (Populus), Sassafras (Sassafras), Sweetbay (Laurus), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Tulip Tree (Liriodendron), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

THE PROMETHEA MOTH – Callosamia promethea

promethea

Apple (Malus), Ash (Fraxinus), Barberry (Berberis), Basswood (Tilia), Bayberry (Myrica), Beech (Fagus), Birch (Betula), Buttonbush (Cephalanthus), Cherry (Prunus), Chokecherry (Prunus), Laurel (Laurus), Maple (Acer), Pear (Pyrus), Persimmon (Diospyros), Poplar (Populus), Privet (Ligustrum), Sassafras (Sassafras), Spicebush (Lindera), Sweetbay (Laurus), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Tulip Tree (Liriodendron), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

THE REGAL MOTH – Citheronia regalis

Regal-Moth-Citheronia-regalis

Ash (Fraxinus), Butternut (Juglans), Buttonbush (Cephalanthus), Hazel (Corylus), Hickory (Carya), Oak (Quercus), Pecan (Carya), Persimmon (Diospyros), Privet (Ligustrum), Sassafras (Sassafras), Sumac (Rhus), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Sycamore (Platanus), Walnut (Juglans), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

THE PINE DEVIL MOTH – Citheronia sepulcralis

sepulcralis

Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus), Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida), Sand Pine (Pinus clausa), Scotch Pine (Pinus sylvestris), Slash Pine (Pinus carbaea), Southern Pine (Pinus taeda).

THE IMPERIAL MOTH – Eacles imperialis

Imperial_moth_Illinois

Alder (Alnus), Basswood (Tilia), Beech (Fagus), Birch (Betula), Box Elder (Acer), Butternut (Juglans), Chestnut (Castanea), Chokecherry (Prunus), Cypress (Taxodium), Elderberry (Sambucus), Elm (Ulmus), Fir (Abies), Hawthorn (Crataegus), Hickory (Carya), Honeylocust (Robinia), Hornbeam (Carpinus), Larch (Larix), Maple (Acer), Oak (Quercus), Persimmon (Diospyros), Pine (Pinus), Privet (Ligustrum), Sassafras (Sassafras), Spicebush (Lindera), Sumac (Rhus), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Sycamore (Platanus), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

THE CECROPIA MOTH – Hyalophora cecropia

cecropia_2012

Alder (Alnus), Apple (Malus), Aspen (Populus), Barberry (Berberis), Basswood (Tilia), Bayberry (Myrica), Beech (Fagus), Birch (Betula), Chokecherry (Prunus), Elderberry (Sambucus), Elm (Ulmus), Hawthorn (Crataegus), Hazelnut (Corylus), Honeylocust (Robinia), Hornbeam (Carpinus), Lilac (Syringa), Maple (Acer), Mountain Ash (Pyrus) , Oak (Quercus), Pear (Pyrus), Pecan (Carya), Pin Cherry (Prunus), Plum (Prunus), Poplar (Populus), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Sycamore (Platanus), Tulip Tree (Liriodendron), Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus), Walnut (Juglans), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

THE CYNTHIA MOTH – Samia cynthia

DSCF2970

Apple (Pyrus), Ash (Fraxinus), Barberry (Berberis), Basswood (Tilia), Butternut (Juglans), Dogwood (Cornus), Evodia (Evodia), Hornbeam (Carpinus), Lilac (Syringa), Prickly Ash (Zanthoxylum), Privet (Ligustrum), Sassafras (Sassafras), Spicebush (Lindera), Sweetgum (Liquidambar), Sumac (Rhus), Sycamore (Platanus), Tulip Tree (Liriodendron), Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus), Walnut (Juglans), Wild Cherry (Prunus), Willow (Salix).

~David Albaugh

Advertisements

3 responses to “LARVAL FOODPLANTS OF SATURNIID MOTHS OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s